Fever is a common problem in children. It can be caused by various factors, and it can manifest in different ways, such as low-grade fever, intermittent fever, or fever only at night. Regardless of the age or the type of fever, it can be a distressing experience for parents.

While some parents may immediately reach for fever reducers, there are other effective and natural methods that can help:

How to tell if your baby has a fever

Body temperature varies throughout the day. It is usually lower when your baby wakes up and higher in the afternoon and evening. The normal body temperature is around 98.6°F or 37°C. For babies, a temperature above 99°F or 37.2°C is considered a low-grade fever.

For newborns (0-3 months old):

  • See a doctor immediately if your baby has a fever.

For babies over 3 months old:

  • You can treat a low-grade fever at home with proper care if your baby does not have any other symptoms.
  • See a doctor immediately if your baby has a high fever that does not go down or if they have a very high fever.

Here are some additional signs that your baby may have a fever:

  • Feeling hot to the touch
  • Irritable or fussy
  • More tired than usual
  • Loss of appetite
  • Sweating or shivering
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How to measure temperature correctly

  • Take your temperature the same way every time. in order not to change the expected value By measuring fever in various ways It is not suitable for children of all ages.
  • Rectal temperature measurement (on baby’s bottom) is the most accurate.
  • Measure temperature on forehead It’s the next best option.
  • Oral measurement: Wait 30 minutes after drinking hot or cold water.
  • Ear measurement: Wait approximately 15 minutes.
  • Finally, measure your armpit temperature again.

Measure a temperature by ages

  • Children under 3 months should use a rectal or forehead thermometer.
  • 4 months and up: Rectal, forehead, or armpit thermometers should be used.
  • Over 6 months, a rectal, ear, forehead, or armpit thermometer should be used.
  • Ages 4 and up should use a thermometer on the mouth, ears, forehead, or armpits.
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How to reduce a baby’s fever

  1. Change clothes

If your child’s clothes are a little thicker Change your child’s clothes to lighter, more breathable fabrics. This is because thick fabric may cause the body to not transfer heat properly. Throughout the time your child has a fever, the issue of fabric is therefore quite important.

  1. Adjust the air conditioner

Although babies get cold easily because their skin is more delicate than adults, But not all children are cold. The temperature in the room is too high. It can cause the little one to have a body temperature too hot as well. Adjust the air conditioner to be a little cooler to cool off. But if the air conditioner is not turned on, you may use another fan to help. But it shouldn’t be opened at gunpoint. Instead, turn on the fan in an oscillating pattern.

If your child has a high fever before cleaning, you may turn off the air conditioner first. and turn on the fan just gently This will prevent your child from feeling too cold while drying.

  1. Bathe or wipe yourself with warm water.

Another way to reduce body temperature that works the fastest is to wipe your body with just room temperature or warm water. Wipe your child by wiping in the direction of the hairs towards the heart, such as wiping from the wrist towards the armpit. Wipe from your ankles towards your thighs. So that the heat inside the body is transferred out. It’s a method of opening the pores to allow heat to escape throughout the body. Be careful not to let the water be too cold or too hot. The approximate temperature may be 27-37 degrees Celsius.

Wipe your child using 2-4 towels at a time, focusing on the nooks and crannies. It is a heat accumulation area. You may set it aside for 2-3 minutes to transfer the heat. and wipe the entire body In each round of wiping You may wipe yourself until your child cools down, approximately 15-20 minutes per time, then measure the temperature again after approximately 30 minutes.

  1. Stay hydrated.

Dehydration can be a complication of fever. If the child has not yet been weaned, breastfeed more often than before. Notice that the diaper is wet. There are tears when crying. and moisturized lips, not dry and cracked But if the child has reached the age of weaning Then sip room temperature water frequently. The clearer the urine that comes out, the better. Don’t let your urine be dark yellow. Because that means your child may become dehydrated.

  1. Cold compress

Children may have headaches. Feeling unwell due to fever The cold compress method will help reduce heat from the body quickly. It can also help your baby feel comfortable. Headaches can also be relieved.

How to apply hot-cold compresses

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Benefits of Hot and Cold Therapy

Why do little ones need cold compresses?

  • Cold therapy or ice packs are often used for acute injuries such as sprains, bruises, or swelling.
  • Relieves discomfort from fever. Just apply it to the face and chest.
  • Relieves itching and swelling from insect bites.
  • Relieve inflammation, abrasions, swelling, bruising, pain in various areas.
  • Soothe skin after exposure to the sun or sunburn.
  • Apply for 2-5 minutes at a time.

Why do little ones need hot compresses?

  • Heat therapy or hot compresses It is often used to increase blood flow and relax muscles. Used on mild injuries such as muscle strain or pain, joint pain.
  • Relieve stomach pain from gas in the stomach.
  • Relieve constipation
  • Relieve colic symptoms
  • Helps you sleep better

When to see a doctor?

  • Under 3 months of age and fever above 38°C
  • Older than 3 months and fever higher than 40°C or higher than 38.9°C but the fever does not decrease or the fever has lasted for more than 2 days
  • Other symptoms include dehydration (not urinating or dark urine, dry mouth), weight loss, or difficulty eating.
  • Have you ever been to an extremely hot or cold place before?
  • Medicine to reduce fever in children at this age You shouldn’t buy it yourself. But the doctor should give the appropriate amount.

Precautions when baby has a fever

  • Cold sore in children between the ages of 6 months – 2 years can be a cold sore. which is a symptom of a red rash on the face and body Especially on the neck, arms, legs, and torso. This red rash does not cause your child to itch and will disappear on its own in as little as 2-3 days. During this time, other symptoms may occur as well. such as diarrhea or loose stools Things to be careful of This is because before the rash appears, the child will have an acutely high fever. Therefore, you must be careful not to let your child have a seizure.
  • Seizures: In children between the ages of 6 months – 5 years, seizures may occur from infection with viruses or bacteria that cause influenza. or receiving certain types of vaccines Most often, seizures occur from a fever higher than 38 degrees Celsius. Prevention is to reduce the fever as quickly as possible. Although seizures do not cause any serious consequences, To the body and intellect Seizures usually go away on their own after 3-5 minutes, but if they last longer than that, you should take your child to the doctor as soon as possible.

Ref : nationwidechildrens healthline

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